Subject And Object in English Grammar

Subject And Object in English Grammar [Level-1]
Jump to→ Level-2 Level-3


Subject and Object

“Subject + Verb + Object” (SVO) is the basic sentence structure in English language. Here Subject (S) comes before Verb and Object (O) after the Verb. The position of Subject and Object is well-presented in the following table—

John writes a message
Lucy made a cake
(Subject) (Verb) (Object)

♦ Simply Subject is who do/does the work (Verb) and Object is to what the verb is done.

♦ In the first example above—

Verb →writes
Who writes? → John (this is Subject)
Writes what?→ a message (this is Object)

♦ In the second example—

Verb →made
Who made? → Lucy (this is Subject)
made what?→ a cake (this is Object)

♦ So clearly, Subject and Object are associated with the Verb. Subject is DOER and Object is RECEIVER of the Verb Action. In short—

Subject and Object indicating diagram

Diagram-1

What is Subject?

♦ The Subject is the person or thing the sentence is described or discussed about. Positioned before the Verb, Subject performs the action of the verb.
♦ In simple Assertive sentence, Subject is placed at the beginning of the sentence and then comes the Verb. If the Verb is Transitive, it is followed by the Object.
Subject may be person, thing or idea.
♦As a Parts of Speech, Subject is a Noun, Pronoun or Noun equivalent (Noun Phrase or Noun clause)

To remember about Subject
⇒a person or thing doing the action of the verb
⇒usually placed at the beginning of sentence
⇒usually placed before the Verb
⇒person, thing or idea
⇒Noun or Pronoun or Noun equivalent

Examples of Subject

 

  • Our prime minister attended the meeting
    (Person→Who attended?)
  • Last week, the old building collapsed.
    (Thing→What or which thing collapsed?)
  • Practice makes a man perfect.
    (Idea→What makes a man perfect?)

TEST YOURSELF [Find Subject]


••More ‘SUBJECT’ at level-2,3 below


What is Object?

♦ The Object is the person or thing who receives the Verb or is affected by the action. Usually Object is positioned after a Transitive Verb and indicates to what the Verb is done.
♦ Object can be placed after the Transitive Verb or a Preposition. Being placed after Preposition, it is related with the rest of the sentence.
Object may be person, thing or abstract idea.
♦As a Parts of Speech, Object is a Noun, Pronoun or Noun equivalent (Noun Phrase or Noun clause)

To remember about Object
⇒a person or thing receiving of is affected by the action of the verb
⇒usually placed after Verb or Preposition
⇒person, thing or idea
⇒Noun or Pronoun or Noun equivalent

Examples of Object

 

  • Yesterday I helped a boy on the street.
    (Person→helped whom?)
  • Jack plays chess on holiday.
    (Thing→ plays which game?)
  • Education removes ignorance
    (Idea→removes what?)
  • Meela usually goes to school by rickshaw
    (Object of Preposition ‘by’→ goes by what?)
  • Children like to play with them
    (Object of Preposition ‘with’→plays with whom?)

TEST YOURSELF [Find Object]


••More ‘OBJECT’ at level-2,3 below


Subject And Object in English Grammar [Level-2]


Position of Subject and Object in different sentences

We have learned in level-1 that simply Subject is placed at the beginning of a sentence. Right! But this is in the case of Assertive sentence. Position of Subject differs in other sentences. Let us see—

REFERENCE: Kinds of Sentence
Assertive
Interrogative
Imperative
Optative
Exclamatory


Assertive

Farmers grow paddy
Subject Verb Object

Simplest construction—starts with SubjectSubject follows VerbVerb follows Object.

Interrogative

How has David done the sum?
WH-Quest Help. Verb Subject Pr. Verb Object

Starts with WH-Question + Helping Verb or only Helping Verb— Then Subject—Then Principal Verb + ……..

Imperative

(You) take your book
(Subject) Verb Object

Subject is understood not explicit. In other word, Subject remains silent—Simply starts with Verb—Then Object

Optative

May God bless you.
Help. Verb Subject Pr. Verb Object

Starts with Helping verb→Subject→Verb→Object

Exclamatory

How beautiful the bird looks!
Adverb Adjective Subject Verb

We have taken a simpler example of Exclamatory sentence. Subject and Verb are at the last stage.

From the presentation above, it is clear to us that—

  • Position of Subject and Verb may be different in different sentences but, after all, there is close relationship among Subject, Verb and Object.
  • This relationship is: Subject ↔ Verb ↔ Object
  • It is very essential to determine Subject Verb and Object and their relationship to recover the meaning of a sentence.
  • If we find Subject, we can easily recognize Verb and then Object.
  • Again if we find Verb, it easier to find Subject and Object.


But is there any mechanism by which we can easily find Subject and Object from even a longer complicated sentence? Certainly. Just follow the following presentation—

How to Find Subject and Object from a longer sentence

Let us take a bunch of examples—

  • Ex-1: All on a sudden, Jack heard a terrible noise outside late at night.
  • Ex-2: Please, Ornob, lend me your white car for today.
  • Ex-3: Why do most of the people see bad side of things?
  • Ex-4: May Allah grant your children a happy long life.
  • Ex-5: However, on my birthday, the magic show impressed all of my friends.

How to find Subject and Object diagram

Diagram-2

Now, we are going to find Subject and Verb from the different sentences above. We will just observe the following diagram and use it as a tool to serve our purpose.

♦ From the diagram, we see that; to find Subject we ask the Verb with ‘WHO’ or ‘WHAT’. Here any of the answers is Subject. Two answers or two Subjects are not possible.

♦ Again, to find Object we ask the Verb with ‘WHOM’ or ‘WHAT’. Any of the answers is Object. Also two answers or two Objects are possible.

Now, let us inquire into the examples to find Subject and Object—

    • Ex-1: All on a sudden, Jack heard a terrible noise outside late at night.
      Here Verb: heard
      To find Subject: WHO heard?—Answer: Jack * So, the Subject of this sentence is Jack.
      To find Object: Jack heard-WHOM?—Answer: unavailable— Again Jack heard-WHAT?— Answer: a terrible noise * So, the Object of this sentence is a terrible noise.

 

    • Ex-2: Please, Ornob, lend me your white car for today.
      Here Verb: lend
      To find Subject: This is an Imperative sentence. Here Subject is understood (you). Contextually, here ‘Ornob’ is not Subject. It is Vocative case.
      To find Object: You lend-WHOM?—Answer: me— Again You lend-WHAT? Answer: your white car * So, the Objects of this sentence are me, your white car.

 

    • Ex-3: Why do most of the people see bad side of things?
      Here Verb: see
      To find Subject: WHO see?—Answer: most of the people * So, the Subject of this sentence is most of the people.
      To find Object: most of the people see-WHOM?—Answer: unavailable— Again most of the people see-WHAT? Answer: bad side of things * So, the Object of this sentence is bad side of things.

 

    • Ex-4: May Allah grant your children a happy long life.
      Here Verb: grant
      To find Subject: WHO grant?—Answer: Allah * So, the Subject of this sentence is Allah.
      To find Object: Allah grant-WHOM?—Answer: your children— Again, Allah grant-WHAT? Answer: a happy long life * So, the Objects of this sentence are your children, a happy long life,

 

  • Ex-5: However, on my birthday, the magic show impressed all of my friends.
    Here Verb: impressed
    To find Subject: WHO heard?—Answer: unavailable—Again, WHAT (thing) impressed?—Answer: the magic show * So, the Subject of this sentence is the magic show.
    To find Object: the magic show impressed-WHOM?—Answer: all of my friends— Again, the magic show impressed-WHAT? Answer: unavailable * So, the Object of this sentence is the magic show.

So, dear readers, isn’t it high time you took a test/quiz to justify yourself finding Subject and Object from all kinds of sentences?

SUBJECT AND OBJECT QUIZ
Find out Subject and Object from the following sentences

Choose the best answer from the alternatives

Subject And Object in English Grammar [Level-3]
Jump to→ Level-1 Level-2

OBJECT

Save

Save

19 thoughts on “Subject And Object in English Grammar

  1. Wow, marvelous blog layout! How long have you been blogging for? you made blogging look easy. The overall look of your website is great, as well as the content! eddgedaeeefaeaad

  2. Thanks for some other informative site. The place else may I get that kind of info written in such an ideal approach? I’ve a challenge that I’m simply now running on, and I have been on the glance out for such info.

  3. Pingback: Google
  4. Thank you for any other informative web site. The place else may just I am getting that type of info written in such an ideal approach? I’ve a venture that I am just now operating on, and I’ve been at the look out for such info.

  5. I blog often and I genuinely appreciate your content. This great article has really peaked my interest. I will bookmark your site and keep checking for new information about once per week. I subscribed to your Feed as well.

  6. Just want to say your article is as astounding. The clarity to your post is simply excellent and i could assume you are knowledgeable in this subject. Well with your permission allow me to snatch your RSS feed to stay up to date with drawing close post. Thank you a million and please carry on the gratifying work.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.